NAV CANADA Originally Responsible For Procedure Design
NAV CANADA took over responsibility for the operation of Canada’s air traffic system from Transport Canada Civil Aviation (TCCA) on November 1st, 1996. This included the design and publication of all instrument procedures in Canada. TCCA retained all regulatory and oversight authority.
GPS Enabled Rapid Development of Precision Instrument Procedures
While this arrangement made sense at the time, no-one could have anticipated the explosive growth in the demand for instrument procedures precipitated by the rapid developments in satellite navigation technology. In the past, adding an instrument procedure at an airport involved a difficult installation of expensive equipment. In many cases it wasn’t possible, either because of capital constraints or geographic limitations such as mountains or buildings in close proximity. Now, it is relatively easy for almost any airport to have a modern, precision approach with a relatively modest investment. The problem is that NAV CANADA has been unable to completely fill this new and unexpected demand. Further exacerbating the problem is that each published procedure must be reviewed every four years so, with each new procedure, the workload increases even more.
Independent Procedure Design Offices Created
In order to respond to this expanding demand, independent procedure design offices were created to provide instrument procedure design services to Tier 2 airports and regional aircraft operators. The design offices, called External Instrument Procedure Design Organizations (EDO), are recognized by TCCA by virtue of the training that the EDOs and their staff have received. Further, NAV CANADA, at this time, assumes ultimate responsibility for each procedure that is published.
CAIPD Formed to Improve Communications
Five of these EDOs decided to organize CAIPD to improve communications between the EDOs on the one hand and TCCA and NAV CANADA on the other hand. On April 1st, 2013, the formation of the Canadian Association of Instrument Procedure Designers was announced.